Some may even argue national security is the highest duty a nation's leaders are meant to ensure and protect. This aspect is especially important due to current terrorist threats and organized crime. Borders Congressional Research Service 2 . With new technology, from self-driving cars to internet-enabled home security systems, the dangers of cyber crime become even more serious. The terrorist attack on September 11, 2001 sparked a transformation in the approaches traditionally used to secure borders and combat terrorism. Safeguarding the U.S. border, primarily the responsibility of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has become a contentious issue as many … Various border security missions are assigned to the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense, and other Federal agencies that work in cooperation with state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies. This is when the US sees the first initial crackdown on border control. Management Science, 26(3), 322-341. N.p., Apr. It also protects states against illegal movement of drugs, weapons, and contraband. Simply put, the border is the point where foreign threats become domestic realities. The first formal national border control strategy was created in 1994 (Meissner, 2013). Also, due to the lack of consensus among policy makers and law enforcement agencies, policies have been historically inefficient. Another issue is one of practicality; objects of border control are not static (Koslowski, 2011). It is the nation's only think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of … firstname.lastname@example.org, Editorial cartoon: Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020, Opinion: A note of gratitude and a pledge to the children of Sumter County, Opinion: What can a word do? Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.library3.webster.edu/stable/425256, Meissner, Doris, Donald M. Kerwin, Muzaffar Chishti, and Claire Bergeron (2013). Border security was a decisive factor in … It aims at fighting terrorism and detecting the movement of criminals across the borders. Retrieved from http://www.au.af.mil/AU/awc/awcgate/crs/rl34292.pdf. When it comes to border security and management, we need smart enforcement that is humane and transparent and takes into account the daily impact on the 15 million people who live along our borders. (2017). This coincides with the current border security issues the United States faces. In 1996, Congress executed the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRAIRA). The Power of ‘the Few’: A Key Strategic Challenge for the Permanently Disrupted High-Tech Homeland Security Environment. Company Registration No: 4964706. This study analyzes the US border security policies implemented in the past, the various measures used, and if they were considered successful. One of the most militarised parts was the restricted zone of the inner German border. Print Print. All countries also face a similar set of border enforcement goals and challenges. This Administration strove to create a “smart border” that incorporated advanced tracking technology and extensive prescreening of low-risk traffic (Koslowski, 2011). Literature has discovered that there are flaws within border security, but they often fail to see how far each administration has come in terms of effectiveness. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Very little literature has been written on the actual level of effectiveness in comparison to the growing list of challenges.
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