Sericulture is the art of rearing silk worms under artificial or domesticated conditions and extraction of the silk fiber from their cocoon. They thrive well in neutral to slightly acidic soils. The sericulture is an important cottage industry, but is now the basis of large industries in China, Japan, India and some European countries, where the silkworm, Bombyx mori is reared on mulberry leaves on a mass scale to get raw silk from the cocoons of the caterpillars of the moth. India is the world’s second largest producer of raw silk (18,500 MT/yr)7. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. 3. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. Availability of indigenous technology at low cost. It enables the people involved in it to derive benefits from all the schemes from all the sericulture activities till reeling. is provided. Information on sericulture, farms, nurseries, training institutes and plantation, etc. 1 Sericulture in India and Maharashtra Since ages, silk and silk fabrics have attracted mankind and have found their place among the most valued and elegant human fabrics. Some unique features of the Sericulture Sector are its rural nature, ecologically and economically sustainable activity for the poor, small and marginal farmers, agricultural labour and women in particular. 4. A cocoon is an oval- to football-shaped object made by a mature silkworm larva by spinning silk proteins; the silkworm larva develops into a pupa inside it. Watch Previous Videos of Chapter Animal Husbandry:- … Importance of Aquaculture. Sericulture has been included in agriculture, under RKVY. The productive acreage was 555 acres up to 2001-2002 and during the X plan period it increased to 3351 acres. The nature of work involved in the sericulture industry such as harvesting of leaves, rearing of silkworm, spinning or reeling of silk yarn and weaving are carried out by women. For food. Even in troubled economic times, men, women and children need to eat. The real progress of our country is definitely on the development of these villages. Sericulture being cottage industry plays an important roles in employment generation and poverty alleviation. 2. Global Silk Scenario: Silk production in … Their population in the soil depends on the pH, temperature, aeration, texture, and moisture of the soil. Distribution of Sericulture: - The countries producing the most of the silk of the world are Japan, China, Russia, Korea and India. 1.2). Silk is used in industries and for military purposes. Regular and quick returns. This eating of insects is called entomophagy. Weaving – end products of each component and their economic importance. – Rearing of silkworms. Sericulture- opportunities. Cocoon production increased from 31 MT during 1995-96 to The rearing of silk moth and production of raw silk is known as sericulture. The technical information required for taking up sericulture as a small-scale, cash-generating activity is provided. Status of sericulture industry in India: At the root of the social, economic, cultural and political progress of India, there are 6.5 lacs villages where 75% of the population of the country lives. 2. Keywords: Silkworm; Biotechnology; Cosmetics; Medicinal importance; Sericulture 2. an earthworm has both male and female reproductive organs. It is one of the most profitable activity in rural sector. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and … They feed on live and dead organic matter. In the recently presented Union Budget, customs duty for import of raw silk was raised from five per cent to fifteen per cent. According to Confucian texts, the discovery of silk production byB. The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, Sericulture is an industry that is characterized by a two-step process, the cultivation of mulberry trees and the rearing of silkworms on mulberry leaves to produce cocoons. Importance of Sericulture 7 ii) MUGA Muga silkworm, Antheraea assama is unique in secreting an unusual golden yellow coloured lustrous silk (Fig. Sericulture economics 1. Earthworms have big economic importance in agriculture. The importance of silkworm in silk production was known in China during 3500 B.C. The Chinese people knew the methods for cultivating silk and of preparing cloth from it for more than 2000 years. It is an agro-based industry comprising of . Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. Importance of Sericulture in rural development and Indian economy – employment generation in different components - role of women in Sericulture. Sericulture is one of the rural-based agro industries with global reach. 5. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. – Reeling and spinning of silk. Sericulture is a labour intensive industry in all its phases. Joint Director of Sericulture (Zonal) look after the development work of the zone. An overview is given of the development of sericulture in Nepal from the first initiatives in 1969 to date. Importance of Insects can be read like those for man, agriculture, and even the environment. Muga production is the prerogative of The Economic Importance of Sericulture Video Lecture of Animal Husbandry Chapter from Biology Class 12 Subject for HSC, CBSE & NEET. The Agricultural Importance of Apiculture. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. 3. Sericulture • The art of rearing silkworms for silk production is called Sericulture • Silk is known as queen of textile and BIOSTEEL due to its strength.
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