Mollies spend most of their time in the middle and upper parts of the water column. The Mexican Sailfin Molly is also known as the Giant Sailfin Molly and the Yucatan Molly. However, Lesueur described other collections of the sailfin molly as Mollienesia multilineata in 1821, the same year in which he described M. latipinna. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. White/silver sailfin molly Photo Credits: aquatic-village.com. An even larger group is better if possible! Their staple diet should consist of vegetable matter, quality flake or pellets. At the bottom of your tank, add sand or gravel substrate. The Dalmatian Lyretail Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Often, these spots blend together, forming stripes. Read the breeding guppies article for more information. Size- 4- 5.5 inches Breeding- 10-40 young after approx. Since their introduction to the world of fishkeeping, mollies have been cross-bred a lot! Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds.  The maximum recorded size for this species is 150 mm (5.9 in) TL.. The Molly fish (Scientific Name: Poecilia or more relevantly Poecilia sphenops) come in a large variety of shapes & colors and are rated as one of the most popular aquarium fishes. That tank size recommendation is suitable enough for up to four mollies, although a larger tank is always appreciated if you have some extra space. Place the pair in the breeding tank and watch the mating ritual! No parental care is exhibited by this species. Here are some solid tank mates choices for the molly fish: Molly fish will also get along with most freshwater aquarium shrimp and snails quite well too. It features the same fanned shape as other mollies. Depending upon environmental conditions, sailfin mollies may become reproductive in less than a year. OSUM 36837 Xiphophorus variatus This will help you keep them happy, healthy, and save you time in the long run. There is no real set life expectancy for them. Sailfin molly, Breitflossenkärpfling (German), bubuntis (Tagalog), Molinezja szerokopletwa (Polish), molliénésie á voilure (French), and tabai (Hawaiian). These fish are livebearers. While they aren’t the longest-living freshwater species out there, there is some wiggle room depending on what species you get. Like the sailfin, different colors of balloon mollies are available. You really have plenty of options! Sailfin Molly, Poecilia latipinna, is native to coastal lowlands from North Carolina to Vera Cruz, Mexico, but has been introduced to many countries with “adverse ecological impacts” reported. Above, a young mature male Silver Lyretail Molly swimming fast to eat a pellet of premium food. A tank of at least 30 gallons should be provided Best when fed small meals frequently. Not long, sadly (especially so for the males). The male Sailfin Molly fish life expectancy are about one year and the female’s approximately 3 years. It’s good to provide taller plants like Anubias as well as shorter varieties like Java fern. One thing you will need is a strong filtration system since mollies are big waste producers. Enjoyable and stress-free fishkeeping is as good as it gets. This will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan. The caudal peduncle is broad and the caudal fin is large, rounded, and sometimes tipped with black. Naturally occurring populations control mosquito populations by feeding on the larvae and pupae of these pests. As hybridization, like in most Poecilia, is easy between these two species and due to the more spectacular appearance of P. latipinna, such sailfin-black molly hybrids, with males' conspicuous, large, yellow-rimmed dorsal fins, are often seen. This guide on molly fish care has everything you need to get started. These are one of the most beginner-friendly freshwater fish out there. Midnight mollies actually originated from hybrids between that and the present species. Below, I discuss some of the ways you can prolong the lives of your molly fish. However, the dorsal fin is much taller and stretches to the base of the tailfin. Author Note: Some species of mollies are more susceptible to bad water conditions than others, leading to a much shorter lifespan. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. Caring of sailfish is easy in a way that you provide them with food which contains a large proportion of algae, also provides them with flakes of brine shrimp. These fish have a flattened body with a triangular-shaped head. They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Malaysian Trumpet Snail 101: Detailed Info & Care Tips, Bucktooth Tetra 101: Care, Feeding, Aggression, & More, Glowlight Tetra 101: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More, Lemon Tetra Care: Diet, Tank Mates, Size, Behavior…. Mollies don’t display any parental instincts, and most will attempt to eat the babies. The sailfin molly is also commonly sold in aquarium stores under the name "molly". Molly fish care is something that pretty much anyone can do. Molly Fish Lifespan. With the disease, the molly fish is unable to swim properly. Preferring marshes, lowland streams, swamps, and estuaries, the sailfin molly is very common in peninsular Florida. They are great … The second one, Short-Finned Molly(P.sphenops) is my other species. Those items will provide some additional shelter. After you introduce the fish to … Females tend to be larger and more plainly colored, a different characteristic to the Poeciliidae. Referred to as “Mollies” most commonly. Females te… A water filter and heater can help with controlling their environmental conditions so they can live a healthy life. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. Sailfin Mollies are peaceful fish that are incredibly easy to care for. Life Span : 3 - 5 years. Plus, they can develop algae for your mollies to snack on. Wide at the mid-section, the body tapers down to a narrow point at the snout. The average molly fish lifespan is around three to five years. At one year of age, males typically range in size from 0.5 to 3 in (13 to 76 mm) SL, while mature females are likely to be 0.5 to 2.5 in (13 to 64 mm) inch SL. The addition of weekly algae wafers to their diet will help condition the fish. The natural lifespan of sailfin mollies is short, particularly in the case of the males, which may live less than a year after achieving sexual maturity. As a result, you can find a wide range of colors and species to enjoy. The Sailfin Molly has a long, tall dorsal fin that runs almost the entire length of the fish’s back. Although sex ratios of the broods are balanced, adult populations tend to be largely female, as males appear to suffer higher rates of mortality due to a greater susceptibility to predators and disease as a consequence of their brighter colours and a life devoted to frenzied breeding. As you can guess, these mollies are covered in black! Larger fish could bully or even try to eat your molly. These fish are known for their low-maintenance care requirements and wide selection of possible species to choose from. Molly Picture Gallery Above, a young mature male Silver Sailfin Molly. While most names that contain a "sail" element refer to the present species, the German Segelkärpfling, the Latin velifera, and possibly others are used for the Yucatan molly. The male molly is more aggressive than the females. Mollies are one of the most popular freshwater species in the aquarium trade. Females are usually larger than males. For simplicity, dry commercial flakes and pellets are a good food source to consider as well. Various Poecilia fishes have some differences in their morphological characters, they’ve got used to different life conditions. The gold doubloon molly is another frequently purchased species. It’s a good idea to try and implement it into your fish’s diet every once in a while. The males will court the females before she allows them to fertilize the eggs. Molly fish mostly consume plant-based foods. When you arrange the plants, position them along the perimeter of the aquarium so that there’s still open swimming space. The majority of goldfish are not properly cared for and as a result, live only a few years. Mollies will accept live or frozen bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp. Sailfin mollies are members of the lower end of the food chain. Finally, round off the decor with some rocks, caves, and driftwood. Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. Healthy adult mollies can give birth to as many as 100 babies at one time! The sailfin molly is found in freshwater habitats from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. However, the top and bottom have lengthy rays to create a forked appearance. If a male spreads his dorsal fins in a display, in this species it forms a trapezoid, with the posterior edge being shortest. The average molly fish lifespan ranges between three and five years. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, with a somewhat lyre-shaped caudal fin and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. Small to large aggregations of the species are most commonly found under floating vegetation or near structures in the water, minimizing their chances of being observed by potential predators. The height of the dorsal fin, measured at the posterior edge, is a bit less than the height of the tail. A small group can easily raise ammonia and nitrate levels to unhealthy levels. Many aquarists notice the disease with extreme temperature changes or ammonia spikes. The Golden Sailfin Molly is a peaceful and flexible fish species that originates from coastal areas of North America. The latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia sphenops. Specks of black adorn the body, making it look like a Dalmation dog. They can experience Ich, bacterial infections, flukes, and parasites. That article talks about guppies and swordtails, but the process is very similar for the babies. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. The maximum reported size of the sailfin molly is 12.5 cm (Robins & Ray 1986), although most specimens collected in the IRL are less than 6 cm (Klassen 1998). The sailfin molly was originally described in 1821 as Mollienesia latipinna by the naturalist Charles Alexandre Lesueur, who based his description upon specimens from freshwater ponds in the vicinity of New Orleans, Louisiana. Aquarists have developed many color variations in this species (variation occurs naturally in the wild), with melanistic, leucistic, albino, and speckled forms known. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. Several rows of spots occur along the sides, back, and dorsal fin. Look for nutritionally balanced products from well-respected brands! The lyretail molly has a beautiful tailfin. They’re peaceful and do well with others. Size and Lifespan Mollies will live for between 3 and 5 years and can grow to 5". The body is generally light grey, although breeding males may be greenish-blue. (2006). . The size of adult males is directly correlated with population density. This conflict created confusion and eventually necessitated a ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The occasional high-protein snack is appreciated, too. The good news is that most fish heal up quickly once conditions are fixed. Sailfin mollies, and other introduced poeciliids, have been implicated in the decline of native damselflies on Oahu, Hawaii. Sailfin mollies feed primarily upon algae and other plant materials, although they will consume a number of aquatic invertebrates, including the larvae of mosquitoes. You might see some splashes of yellow or orange on the fins, but most of the body is pure black. Then, she releases fully formed and free-swimming fry into the water! The French terms are used for both species indiscriminately. They typically reach sexual maturity within a year. There are a couple of unique ailments you have to watch out for. You’ll learn about their tank setup, food, lifespan, and even breeding tips! The first one is Sailfin Molly (Poecilia latipinna) which is the most common and widely available type of mine.. So if you’re looking for information on specific types of molly fish, check back soon! What do Mollies look like? The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. As such, they are prey for various animals, including aquatic insects, other fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. The anal fin of the female is broad and fanned. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. Very popular in fish stores, the Dalmation molly is covered with a base color of white. 30 day gestation. Author Note: The best way to avoid disease is to monitor water conditions. In the wild, you can find mollies throughout North and South America. They will often reach lengths that are closer to five or six inches. They don’t require a lot of work to keep healthy, making them a great choice for anyone interested in getting started with fishkeeping. The sailfin mollie is arguably one of the most exotic fish available of any genus. This will be your lifeline when it comes to understanding the state of your tank at a glance, and making adjustments when necessary. Sailfin molly. If you want to maximize the survival rate of the fry, it’s best to breed mollies in a controlled environment. Silvery scales and mesmerizing long fins distinguish the white/silver sailfin molly. Habitat: Brackish and fresh water. The sailfin molly is a tolerant species, as it can exploit the thin film of oxygen-rich surface water with its upturned mouth, so is able to survive oxygen-depleted habitats. Males can harass females, but this behavior only gets worse if the conditions are right for breeding.While this behavior isn’t particularly violent, it can cause stress in females. Mollies are a shoaling fish, so they need to be in the presence of others to feel comfortable. Sailfin mollies are most commonly observed at the shallow surface waters along the edges of marshes, lowland streams, ponds, swamps, estuaries and even ephemeral water bodies such as roadside ditches. Make sure the females outnumber the males to keep this behavior to a minimum. Then, purchase male and female molly fish so you have no more than 2 fish per 10 gallons of tank space. Not big Mexican sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. III. You can find sailfin varieties in many colors (including black). Sailfin varieties can get even bigger. Some names for the sailfin molly in other languages include Breitflossenkärpfling (German), seilfinnemolly (Norwegian), zeilvinkarper (Dutch), leveäevämolli (Finnish), molinezja szerokopłetwa (Polish), bubuntis (Tagalog), and molliénésie á voilure or simply "molly voile" (French). Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. On the other end, the body tapers slightly towards the base of the fan-shaped tail. They like warm waters, neutral pH, and hard water. In a landmark definitive work on poeciliid fishes, Donn Rosen and Reeve Bailey (1959) noted the priority of Poecilia by Marcus Elieser Bloch and Johann Gottlob Schneider (1801) with regards to Mollienesia by Lesueur (1821), thereby relegating Mollienesia to the synonymy of Poecilia. The front half of its body is a vibrant yellow, and the lower half is pure black. Learn more. According to the Flordia Museum of Natural History, male sailfin mollies do not live more than a year after reaching sexual maturity. Due to genomic recombination, F1 hybrids often display novel and bizarre fin shapes. Wild sailfin mollies are also bred as feeder fish for larger carnivorous fish, though usually guppies are used for that. You have a lot of options if you’re looking to create a multi-species community tank. Choose a powerful filter that can hold a lot of biomedia. (Trematoda: Haploporidae), International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T191748A58335451.en, "Arizona State Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan", "Status of the Desert Pupfish, Cypronidon macularius (Baird and Girard), in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sailfin_molly&oldid=986183358, Freshwater fish of the Southeastern United States, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:57. Mollies aren’t picky about lighting levels, but you do need lights to keep the plants healthy. The body shape of this fish results in compacted organs. Wild mollies prefer to live in tropical water and can be found in streams and marshes from Texas to North Carolina to Central America. Some confusion occurs with the Yucatan molly, P. velifera. in California (U.S. These fish will group up to explore the tank and swim around as one unit. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. Sailfin mollies come in different color varieties but the most common is a silver and black spotted version. Mollies were first introduced to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s. Males are usually smaller and have a pointy anal fin. Temperament / Behavior : Peaceful.
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