A decision was expected in 2020. Other obstacles to gainful employment include inadequate public transportation and the high cost of living in economically dynamic cities and regions. The intensely competitive US political environment is dominated by two major parties, the right-leaning Republicans and the left-leaning Democrats. 8, Eurasia Group said. Recounts in Wisconsin confirm Biden win . While public-sector unions have higher rates of membership, with 33.6 percent, they have come under pressure from officials concerned about the cost of compensation and pensions to states and municipalities. Similar critiques have been directed at the constitutionâs allocation of two Senate seats to each state regardless of population. Global M&A recovers on vaccine hopes and US political stability. The media environment retains a high degree of pluralism, with newspapers, newsmagazines, traditional broadcasters, cable television networks, and news websites competing for readers and audiences. The moves have in many cases been hasty, uncoordinated, and underfunded, leading to implementation problems as well as conflicts with existing laws, constitutional protections, and international human rights standards. For example, the median wealth of white families is 12 times the median wealth of black families. A 2018 Supreme Court decision that government employees cannot be required to contribute to unions that represent them in collective bargaining has already led to further losses in union membership. It included the hacking of multiple targets, such as both major political parties and some electoral boards; the strategic release of stolen emails meant to embarrass the Democratic Party; and the exploitation of social media platforms to covertly spread disinformation among US voters. Political factionalism grows more intense. A public debate about law enforcement access to encrypted communication services continues, with some officials warning that their technical inability to break encryption even with a judicial warrant posed a threat to the rule of law, and opponents arguing that any weakening of encrypted servicesâ security would expose all users to criminal hacking and other ill effects. The threat of deteriorating U.S.-Iran relations ranks at No. Those who announced their resignations or were dismissed by the president in 2019 alone included his labor secretary, his energy secretary, his director of national intelligence, his second homeland security secretary, and his third national security adviser. Alarqan, A. A number of privately supported projects have also been established in recent years to address deficiencies in the electoral and criminal justice systems. They argued that without such separation, the president could use his office for personal enrichment or allow his official decisions to be influenced by his private business interests; lawsuits that were ongoing in 2019 focused on a constitutional rule that forbids officeholders from receiving compensation, or âemoluments,â from foreign governments, which Trump was accused of doing through his businesses. The president, his staff, and special interest groups of foreign and domestic origin all frequently visited and held events at Trump-branded properties in the United States during his first three years in office, generating publicity and income; the Washington Post reported in December 2019 that Trump had visited such properties on three out of every 10 days of his presidency. The countryâs labor code and decisions by the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) during Republican presidencies have been regarded as impediments to organizing efforts, but even Democratic administrations have largely failed to reverse the deterioration. Visit this page, part of Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport, for a short synopsis of the two conflicts, complete with images and links for further study. Managing Risk While the Political Risk Map 2020 highlights a challenging geopolitical and economic outlook, there are pockets of significant opportunity. Was the current head of government or other chief national authority elected through free and fair elections? Meanwhile, the inflation-adjusted national minimum wage has fallen substantially since the 1960s, with no nominal increase for a decade, even if many states and localities have enacted increases in recent years. The academic sphere has long featured a high level of intellectual freedom. A trial in the Senate was pending at yearâs end. US Army Africa/CC-BY 2.0. Is there freedom for trade unions and similar professional or labor organizations? In March and April 2019, a man was arrested and charged with hate crimes on suspicion of committing arson attacks against three black churches in Louisiana. Hate crimes based on religion are generally prosecuted vigorously by law enforcement authorities. In August, a gunman apparently motivated by racist and xenophobic ideology carried out the yearâs deadliest mass shooting, killing 22 people at a store in Texas that was frequented by Mexican and Mexican American customers. This support was especially evident during the two world wars that took place during the 20th century. While a 2016 reform law was designed to improve government agenciesâ responsiveness to FOIA requests, performance has declined during the Trump administration. Numerous government and nongovernmental programs are designed to combat such violence and assist victims. That's partly because Bremmer said his group doesn't believe a full-scale military response will evolve from the U.S. killing of General Qassem Soleimani, the head of Iran's elite Quds military force and one of the most powerful figures in the Islamic Republic. In the House, the Democrats gained 41 seats, winning a solid majority of 235 and reducing the Republicans to 199. Although women constitute almost half of the US workforce and have increased their representation in many professions, the average compensation for female workers is roughly 80 percent of that for male workers, a gap that has remained relatively constant over the past several decades. Far from filling the gaps on critical issues like climate change, poverty reduction, and … The United States was the first country to adopt a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) over 50 years ago, and the law is actively used by journalists, civil society groups, researchers, and members of the public. Trumpâs nominee, federal appellate court judge Brett Kavanaugh, narrowly won confirmation after contentious Senate hearings in which a woman came forward to accuse him of having sexually abused her while both were in high school. Are individuals free to express their personal views on political or other sensitive topics without fear of surveillance or retribution? The executive branch includes a substantial number of auditing and investigative agencies that are independent of political influence; such bodies are often spurred to action by the investigative work of journalists. Nov 7, 2020 Joe Biden and Kamala Harris Celebrate Their Political Victory on Twitter The news came after a days-long wait for ballots to be counted in various battleground states. However, some state courts have struck down partisan-gerrymandered maps based on their own constitutions, and state-level reforms have begun to address the issue. In Georgia in 2018, for example, the registrations of some 53,000 votersâmost of them blackâwere stalled due to applicant information that did not exactly match government records, and hundreds of thousands of other voters had been purged from the rolls for failing to vote in recent elections. The Trump administration also notably undercut conflict-of-interest restrictions for White House and executive branch appointees. For example, in February the president declared a national emergency so as to redirect congressionally appropriated funds to pay for the construction of a wall along the border with Mexico, a project that he had prioritized during his presidential campaign but which had failed to win sufficient financing from lawmakers. Rise of factionalized elites. Get the latest breaking news delivered straight to your inbox. In 2018 the Supreme Court upheld the third version, which banned most entries by citizens of Iran, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Somalia, and one non-Muslim country, North Korea. Trumpâs decision to appoint his daughter and son-in-law as presidential advisers created potential conflicts involving their own business interests and personal relationships. In a September 2019 special election, a different Republican candidate won the seat by a narrow margin. The total included 50 judges at the appellate level, meaning one in four federal appeals court judges were Trump appointeesâup from one in six a year earlier. The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) are a research dataset summarizing the views on the quality of governance provided by a large number of enterprise, citizen and expert survey respondents in industrial and developing countries. Global freedom statuses are calculated on a weighted scale. A multiyear series of teachersâ strikes continued around the country, with unionized educators winning pay raises and other concessions in Los Angeles, Denver, and Chicago. Does due process prevail in civil and criminal matters? De facto school segregation is a persistent problem, and the housing patterns that contribute to it are influenced by factors such as mortgage discrimination, which particularly affects black and Hispanic homeowners. Strike activity proceeded without incident in 2019. These reductions since 2017 have been accompanied by precipitous drops in the share of admitted refugees who are Muslim. Historically, gerrymandering has also been used as a tool of racial disenfranchisement, specifically targeting black voters, as well as Hispanic and Native American populations. Security forces operating as a "state within a state" often with impunity. The right to strike is also protected, though many public employees are prohibited from striking. Presidential elections are decided by an Electoral College, with electors apportioned to each state based on the size of its congressional representation. ': Trump flips out on reporter. in 2020, U.S. goods imports from Poland totaled $8.3 billion. Union organizing is also hampered by resistance from private employers. Outlets like the New York Times, the Washington Post, and CNN have conducted investigations into the business affairs of Trump and his associates, closely examined the facts at the heart of the Mueller and impeachment investigations, and regularly assessed the accuracy of the administrationâs claims. Trump announced a ban on transgender people serving in the military in 2017, and it took effect in 2019 even as court challenges continued; existing service members who had already transitioned or begun the process would be allowed to remain, but others, including new recruits, must adhere to their âbiological sex.â. Do individuals enjoy personal social freedoms, including choice of marriage partner and size of family, protection from domestic violence, and control over appearance? While it remains quite robust by global standards, this liberty has come under pressure in recent years. The country’s “first past the post” or majoritarian electoral system discourages the emergence of additional parties, … CBS News coverage of the 2020 elections ... the biggest threat facing global economic and political stability this year. A number of independent or third-party candidates have influenced presidential races or won statewide office, and small partiesâsuch as the Libertarian Party and the Green Partyâhave also modestly affected state and local politics in recent years. Only a small fraction of fatal police shootings lead to criminal charges; when officers have been brought to trial, the cases have typically ended in acquittals or sentences on reduced charges. The increased policy focus on reforming the criminal justice system in recent years has coincided with a series of widely publicized incidents in which police actions led to civilian deaths. Are the electoral laws and framework fair, and are they implemented impartially by the relevant election management bodies? The United States is the world's largest economy, ahead of China. The administration has attempted to ramp up arrests and deportations of both undocumented immigrants, regardless of whether they had committed crimes, and legal immigrants or refugees who committed crimes in the United States, even if they had long since completed their sentences. The Trump administration took some steps to prevent a repetition of the 2016 interference in 2020, but the White House resisted making the issue a major priority, and Trump himself repeatedly cast doubt on the conclusion that Moscow meddled on his behalf. Join us; News Business ... COVID-19 cases as of 29 November 2020, 9 am EAT ... a number of initiatives taken by the President thus far to ensure political stability … American political culture has long supported democracy and freedom throughout the world. Elections for the bicameral Congress are generally free and competitive. Turnout exceeded 49 percent of the voter-eligible population, the highest percentage for midterm elections since 1914. 10 Most Politically Stable Countries, Ranked by Perception A list of countries seen as the most politically stable is filled with European nations, but lacks the United States. ... Alarqan, A. There are also hundreds of thousands of pretrial detainees and short-term jail inmates behind bars. Financial support from the Knowledge for Change Program of the World Bank is gratefully acknowledged. While many larger outlets have prospered, however, independent local sources of news have struggled to keep up with technology-driven changes in news consumption and advertising, contributing to significant ownership consolidation in some sectors, and a number of communities with just one or no local news outlet. Is there freedom for nongovernmental organizations, particularly those that are engaged in human rightsâ and governance-related work? In March and October, Trump vetoed two attempts by Congress to roll back the move, though court challenges were ongoing at yearâs end as construction proceeded. The Republican-controlled legislature in North Carolina had pioneered such moves after a Democrat won the governorship in 2016. The House adopted two articles of impeachment against the president in a largely party-line vote in December, determining that Trump had abused his office by withholding a White House visit and duly appropriated military aid from Ukraine with the aim of compelling the Ukrainian leadership to make the requested announcements, and that he had obstructed Congress by ordering the executive branch to withhold documents and testimony from the House investigators even when subpoenaed. U.S. reaches 100,000 coronavirus hospitalizations, Trump threatens to veto defense bill over social media shield law. The constitution protects the free exercise of religion while barring any official endorsement of a religious faith, and there are no direct government subsidies to houses of worship. In a close election this fall, the losing side will claim the results were "rigged," leading to instability and legal challenges, Bremmer said. Civil liberties organizations and other groups have also argued that prison sentences are often excessive and that too many people are incarcerated for minor drug offenses. The administration of President Donald Trump continued to introduce restrictive new policies to limit immigration and reduce the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching US soil, prompting court challenges and some pushback from Congress.