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2 samuel 20 commentary

When others desert or divide it gives a greater opportunity to demonstrate loyalty. After the death of Solomon there was a civil war that permanently divided the twelve tribes into two nations: the southern Kingdom of Judah and the northern Kingdom of Israel. a. O Of course, that is the way it still is today, as for example in the well-known "reveille" and "taps". “It is very likely that Amasa did not immediately die: I have known instances of persons living several hours after their bowels had been shed out.” (Clarke). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. : Joab was a practical man. : For all his ruthless devotion to David, Joab was a true leader. Inheritance - That is, a considerable part of, that land which God hath chosen for his particular … All the people went on after Joab: For all his ruthless devotion to David, Joab was a true leader. They were wont to speak in old time--The translation of the Margin gives a better meaning, which is to this effect: When the people saw thee lay siege to Abel, they said, Surely he will ask if we will have peace, for the law ( Deuteronomy 20:10 ) prescribes that he should offer peace to strangers, much more then to Israelitish cities; and if he do this, we shall soon bring things to an amicable agreement, for we are a peaceable people. Put them in seclusion: Absalom raped these ten concubines as part of his rebellion against David (2 Samuel 16:20-23). Why would you swallow up the inheritance of the LORD?” And Joab answered and said, “Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy! No sooner is one of David’s troubles over than another arises, as it were out of the ashes of the former, wherein the threatening is fulfilled, that the sword should never depart from his house. 4. 2 Samuel 16:1-4 described how Ziba, the servant of Mephibosheth, met David with supplies as he left … THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL, OTHERWISE CALLED THE SECOND BOOK OF THE KINGS. But … This was the usual watchword of national insurrection, and from the actual temper of the people, it was followed by effects beyond what he probably anticipated. God calleth for Sheba’s head, neither hath he any quarrel to us for our person, but for our sin. It is almost impossible to go wrong with any of the Tyndale commentaries. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. A soldier conjoined his name with David's, and such a magic spell was in the word "Joab," that all the people "went on"--Amasa's men as well as the rest. 3. the king took the ten women his concubines--Jewish writers say that the widowed queens of Hebrew monarchs were not allowed to marry again but were obliged to pass the rest of their lives in strict seclusion. 14. he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel--beating up for recruits. One chapter is entitled, “A Place of One's Own.” Gilkey was interned in a Japanese detention camp, along with a diverse group of people, who all had one thing in common -- they were all Westerners. Search. 2 Samuel 20 Matthew Henry's Commentary. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. He murdered Amasa – the man who replaced him as commander of David’s armies – out of both rivalry and concern that Amasa did not genuinely support David. The best intermediate-advanced level commentary on the first book of Samuel is now the commentary by David Tsumura in… (8-10) Using deception, Joab murders Amasa. Here the trumpet was blown to raise an army, but in 2 Samuel 20:22, below, Joab blew the trumpet to signal the cessation of hostilities. So euery man of Israel went vp from after Dauid, and followed Sheba the sonne of Bichri: but the … ii. Profiles in Courage (2 Samuel 23) 22. Meanwhile one of Joab's men stood near Amasa, and said, "Whoever favors Joab and whoever is for David; follow Joab!" : The greatness of David’s kingdom was not built on David’s abilities alone. ← Back to All Text Commentaries John MacArthur is the pastor-teacher of Grace Community Church in Sun Valley, California, as well as an author, conference speaker, president of The Master’s University and Seminary, and featured teacher with the Grace to You media ministry. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The king said to Amasa: Amasa was Absalom’s former general and David made him the commander of his army as a conciliatory move after the death of Absalom. 1 of 1. 9. took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him--This act, common with two friends on meeting when one of them returns from a journey, indicates respect as well as kindliness, and the performance of it evinced the deep hypocrisy of Joab, who thereby put Amasa off his guard. A man named Sheba, a Benjamite, declared himself king over the ten tribes. i. i. [20] Joab answered, “Far be it from me, far be it, that I should swallow up or destroy! Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. This means we must be loyal to Jesus in spite of the mocking of the multitude. Please say to Joab, ‘Come nearby, that I may speak with you.’” When he had come near to her, the woman said, “Are you Joab?” He answered, “I am.” Then she said to him, “Hear the words of your maidservant.” And he answered, “I am listening.” So she spoke, saying, “They used to talk in former times, saying, ‘They shall surely seek guidance at Abel,’ and so they would end disputes. a. Joab was over all the army of Israel: Though he gained the position through murder, David allowed Joab to take control over the armies of Israel. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. Abel of Beth-maachah--a verdant place--the addition of "Maachah" betokening that it belonged to the district Maachah, which lay far up the Jordan at the foot of Lebanon. Sheba Rebels Against David. Narrative Lectionary. 2 Samuel Complete Bible Commentary Verse By Verse. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. : David knew that time was of the essence. And all the people who were with Joab battered the wall to throw it down. Mephibosheth brought to David (9:1-6) 2. We don’t make the unity of the Spirit, we keep the unity of the Spirit – but we must keep what He makes. Then a wise woman cried out from the city, “Hear, Hear! If the people of Abel helped him get Sheba it was all the better. 11-13. Search. That is not so. David did not want to make the same mistake with Sheba. c. He delayed longer than the set time: Amasa wasn’t up to the job David gave him. S HEBA M AKES A P ARTY IN I SRAEL. 2 Samuel 21 Chapter 20 How do the clouds return after the rain! Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10. : Sheba succeeded in drawing away the ten northern tribes and David had another civil war to deal with. 21 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. You can also change some of your preferences. Learn more. He joined the troops loyal to David at. Then Joab said to Amasa, “Are you in health, my brother?” And Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand to kiss him. “He was probably a sort of domestic chaplain to the king.” (Clarke). Then Joab said to Amasa, “Are you in health, my brother?” And Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand to kiss him. The conjunction of these two names is very significant. But he hastened with his attached soldiers to go as second to his brother, determined to take the first opportunity of wreaking his vengeance on his successful rival. 2 Samuel 20:16-22 . 2 Samuel 20:1-26—Read the Bible online or download free. Then Joab and Abishai his brother pursued Sheba the son of Bichri. Meanwhile one of Joab’s men stood near Amasa, and said, “Whoever favors Joab and whoever is for David—follow Joab!” But Amasa wallowed in his blood in the middle of the highway. And they went out of Jerusalem to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion." (2Sa 20:11-14) Joab takes command of the troops loyal to David. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10 View Bible Text . 1 A man called Sheba was in Gilgal. (11-14) Joab takes command of the troops loyal to David. A list of the best commentaries on 1/2 Samuel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. When they were at the large stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa came before them. And it was the name among the Moabites for a very valiant man. Search Site with Google. 2 Samuel 21:20 "And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of [great] stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant." a. Amasa came before them: Amasa didn’t assemble the army of Judah quickly enough, but he didn’t want to be left out of the battle. Assemble the men of Judah for me within three days: David knew that time was of the essence. The appointment was a blunder, and the king soon perceived his error. 2 Samuel 20 New International Version (NIV) Sheba Rebels Against David. 1 Now a troublemaker named Sheba son of Bikri, a Benjamite, happened to be there. David’s Return to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 19:9--20:26) 19. A mother’s prayer results in an unlikely beginning to kingship. When he was removed from the highway, all the people went on after Joab to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri. The story is familiar to many of us. We might say that the tribe of Judah treated the other ten tribes unfairly, but “Injustice is never corrected by a yet deeper wrong.” (Morgan). Deliver him only, and I will depart from the city.” So the woman said to Joab, “Watch, his head will be thrown to you over the wall.” Then the woman in her wisdom went to all the people. in the fifth rib--the seat of the liver and bowels, where wounds are mortal. 15:45). Today's Read the Bible passages are from 2 Samuel 13, 2 Corinthians 6, Ezekiel 20, and Psalms 66–67. Sheba raises an insurrection, and gains a party in Israel, 2 Samuel 20:1, 2 Samuel 20:2.David shuts up the ten concubines who were defiled by Absalom, 2 Samuel 20:3.Amasa is sent to assemble the men of Judah, 2 Samuel 20:4, 2 Samuel 20:5.And in the mean time Abishai is sent to pursue Sheba, 2 Samuel 20:6, 2 Samuel 20:7.Joab treacherously murders Amasa, 2 Samuel 20:8-12. When Absalom had the chance to quickly crush David, he did not take advantage of the opportunity. a. Amasa went before them--Having collected some forces, he by a rapid march overtook the expedition at Gibeon, and assumed the place of commander; in which capacity, he was saluted, among others, by Joab. Now David came to his house at Jerusalem. Preferred Bible Version: Translate Site. October 14, 2012. i. 5–7), and then poetically depicts, under the form of a theophany, God’s intervention in his behalf (vv. The answer of Joab brings out the character of that ruthless veteran as a patriot at heart, who, on securing the author of this insurrection, was ready to put a stop to further bloodshed and release the peaceable inhabitants from all molestation. : Joab was able to find men loyal to David in all the tribes of Israel. He had nothing against the city of Abel, only against Sheba. Then they came and besieged him in Abel of Beth Maachah; and they cast up a siege mound against the city, and it stood by the rampart. The soldiers naturally followed the commander who successfully led them many times before. 2 Samuel 23:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Samuel 23:20, NIV: "Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel, performed great exploits.He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors. : Amasa didn’t assemble the army of Judah quickly enough, but he didn’t want to be left out of the battle. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Bible Study Notes in 2 Samuel- Chapter 20 2 Samuel 20-A worthless fellow named Sheba happened to be there when this discussion between Judah and Israel was taking place over the kingdom of David (see 2 Samuel 19:41-43). "Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the … There isn’t a wall high enough or strong enough to protect against God and His will. But it has been chosen for the lectionary because of its parallels with the gospel text for the day regarding Jesus’ boyhood (Luke 2:41-52). So Joab returned to the king at Jerusalem. 15. “It were happy if all such traitors might hop headless.” (Trapp). But there the prompt marches of Joab overtook and hemmed him in by a close siege of the place. iii. 2 Samuel 20. According to JOSEPHUS, he let it drop on purpose as he was accosting Amasa, that stooping, as it were accidentally, to pick it up, he might salute the new general with the naked sword in his hand, without exciting any suspicion of his design. David made him captain of his army (2 Samuel 8:16; 20:23; 1 Chronicles 11:6; 18:15; 27:34). "So every man of Israel went up from after David, [and] followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men … 2 And David sent out the army, one third under the command of Joab, one third under the command of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother, and one third under the … : Sheba probably thought he was safe within the walls of that city, but no one is safe when they run against God’s will. Assemble the men of Judah for me within three days. “He was probably a sort of, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Some think that the idea behind the phrase “, ” is that Ira was sort of a chaplain to David. Choose Bible Version for Popups. Hannah, from Ephraimite country, is a childless wife, thereby making her one of the more excluded figures of ancient Israel. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. They were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood: The sad fate of David’s ten concubines is an example of how our sin often has horrible effects on others. (4-5) David tells Amasa to marshal an army to deal with Sheba’s rebellion. 2 Samuel 12:1-14 Commentary. 2 Samuel 20:14 2 Samuel 20:15 . Absalom Killed. Sheba Rebels Against David. 22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly … Much earlier in that book, we learned that Saul had disobeyed the Lord and that the Lord had rejected him as king (1 Samuel 15). Hey there Bible student, we’re into the second Samuel book, glad you’re here. Every man to his tents: Sheba decided to go his own way and drew others with him. No wonder, then, that while this act of friendly gratulation after long absence occupied Amasa's attention, he did not perceive the sword that was in Joab's left hand. David treated his concubines in the same manner after the outrage committed on them by Absalom. The chapter concludes with a short account of David's great officers, 2 Samuel 20:23-26. It has been several years since I read the excellent book by Langdon Gilkey entitled Shantung Compound. DAVID'S GREAT OFFICERS. All Old Testament Videos TaNaK / Old Testament Genesis 1-11 Genesis 12-50 Exodus 1-18 Exodus 19-40 Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Psalms Proverbs Job Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations When Absalom had the chance to quickly crush David, he did not take advantage of the opportunity. Siege warfare was a terrible ordeal for the citizens of the besieged city, and this wise woman was smart enough to seek a speedy end to the struggle. Their response to Sheba’s rebellion shows that their desire to honor David had nothing to do with honoring him, but in exalting self. Deliver him only, and I will depart from the city: Joab was a practical man. He murdered Amasa – the man who replaced him as commander of David’s armies – out of both rivalry and concern that Amasa did not genuinely support David. And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. . The title for this narrative lectionary is apt: from a place of deep sadness Hannah prays to God, vowing that if God will give her a son, she will dedicate that son to God. Two main sections can be distinguished. Thus he died. 2 Samuel 20 Bible Commentary. They were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood. Now Joab was dressed in battle armor; on it was a belt with a sword fastened in its sheath at his hips; and as he was going forward, it fell out. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. c. They cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab: Sheba probably thought he was safe within the walls of that city, but no one is safe when they run against God’s will. . “Every man’s breast is a city enclosed. (23-26) David’s second administration. Nor do we have inheritance in the son of Jesse; : Sheba took advantage of David’s weakened position after Absalom’s failed rebellion and the conflict between Judah and the other ten tribes (2 Samuel 19:40-43). In the first part, after an introductory stanza of praise to God (vv. iii. Spurgeon on 2 Samuel. A WISE WOMAN SAVES THE CITY BY SHEBA'S HEAD. 2 Samuel 20 [[[[[2SAM 20:1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. Login or Create an Account. 21–31). So ended the rebellion of Sheba. Posted on Dec 9, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute. 20. We might say that it is in the nature of men to divide. He was the commander over, So Joab’s men… and all the mighty men, went out. 1 Samuel 1:9-20 (2019) NEW SERIES King James Version 1 Samuel 1:9-20 KJV Easy-Print Commentary 1 Samuel 1:9-20 KJV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary A C Gaebelein - Annotated Bible - David and Mephibosheth 2 Samuel 9 1. 2. Joab's garment, that he had put on was girded unto him--in the fashion of travellers and soldiers. 20:19 A mother - Great cities are commonly called mothers; as lesser towns or villages subject to them, and depending upon them, are called their daughters. The Ark Brought to Jerusalem. The revolt of the ten tribes, probably, hastened the public declaration of this appointment, which he hoped would be popular with them, and Amasa was ordered within three days to levy a force from Judah sufficient to put down the insurrection. Author: Matthew Henry Publisher: Selected … Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. V. Sheba is at length shut up in the city of Abel (2 Samuel 20:14,15), but the citizens deliver him up to Joab, and so his rebellion is crushed, 2 Samuel 20:16-22. They suffered because of Absalom’s sin – and David’s sin. Joab and his men come to “Abel of Beth Maacah” (2 Samuel 20: 15 2 Samuel 20: 15 And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down. 20 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. Maclaren on 2 Samuel Pt2. David’s Return to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 19:9--20:26) 19. Maclaren on 2 Samuel. : Amasa wasn’t up to the job David gave him. “The story should teach us that popular and plausible catchwords ought to be received and acted upon with great caution.”. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. They cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab. 8. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. The specified time passed, but Amasa could not muster the men. 20:1-3 One trial arises after … 2 Samuel 23:20. Who had done many acts — As Abishai also had done, who had succoured David, when a giant thought to have killed him. He that favoureth Joab, and he that is for David, let him go after Joab--It is a striking proof of Joab's unrivalled influence over the army, that with this villainous murder perpetrated before their eyes they unanimously followed him as their leader in pursuit of Sheba. And there happened to be there a rebel, whose name. He belonged to the tribe of Benjamin, where the adherents of Saul's dynasty were still numerous; and perceiving the strong disgust of the other tribes with the part assumed by Judah in the restoration, his ill-designing heart resolved to turn it to the overthrow of David's authority in Israel. a. : Absalom raped these ten concubines as part of his rebellion against David (2 Samuel 16:20-23). Joab contentedly sacrificed the interest both of the king and the kingdom to his personal revenge. It should also be noted that the Song of Hannah in 1 … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26" But their greatest acts only are here mentioned. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 1 of First Samuel told of Hannah’s infertility, which caused her great pain. 2. from Jordan even to Jerusalem--The quarrel had broken out shortly after the crossing of the Jordan, between Judah and the other tribes, who withdrew; so that Judah was left nearly alone to conduct the king to the metropolis. It shows that the one could not afford to do without the other--neither Joab to rebel against David, nor David to get rid of Joab, though hating him. Dreading the loss of time, the king gave the commission to Abishai, and not to Joab--a new affront, which, no doubt, wounded the pride of the stem and haughty old general. But he delayed longer than the set time which David had appointed him. Now Joab was dressed in battle armor; on it was a belt with a sword fastened in its sheath at his hips; and as he was going forward, it fell out. Holding the beard was a sign of a friendly welcome, and the fallen sword made it seem that Joab was unarmed. You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus. Joyce Baldwin — 1 & 2 Samuel (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, 1988). 2 Samuel 21:1-24:25; 1 Chr 11:10-41; 20:4-8 - TRUST IN THE LORD. And all the people who, : When Sheba took refuge in the city of Abel, Joab set a siege against the city. i. “The story should teach us that popular and plausible catchwords ought to be received and acted upon with great caution.”. Learn more Start my trial Back . 2 Samuel 20 Absalom Killed 18 Then David mustered the men who were with him and set over them commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds . 2 Samuel 20:1. Take your lord’s servants and pursue him, lest he find for himself fortified cities, and escape us.” So Joab’s men, with the Cherethites, the Pelethites, and all the mighty men, went out after him.

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