Morus alba is a fast growing, small to medium sized deciduous tree that is native to China. Fall color is an unattractive yellow (sometimes green, yellow and brown).Genus name comes from the Latin name.Specific epithet comes from the Latin word meaning white in reference to fruit color. Introduced M. alba has been found to be associated with invasion events in Oregon and Virgina (USA) and South Africa ( Haysom and Murphy, 2003 ). Fertilized flowers on female trees are followed by sweet, edible blackberry-like fruits (cylindrical drupes to 1” long) that mature in June. , The species is now extensively planted and widely naturalized throughout the warm temperate world. Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, consists of diverse species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions. Genus Morus are deciduous trees and shrubs with broadly ovate, sometimes deeply lobed leaves and inconspicuous green flowers followed by usually edible white, red or black fruit Details 'Pendula' is a small, strongly weeping tree with heart-shaped, slightly glossy leaves and white fruits ripening to … The species is native to northern China and India , and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc. Morus alba ‘Chaparral' and Morus alba ‘Pendula’ are generally considered to be better landscape options than species plants. It can grow on most soils. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Bacterial leaf scorch, powdery mildew and root rot may also occur. Pennsylvania state champion Morus alba at Longwood Gardens. Best hardy variety. The flowers are single-sex catkins; male catkins are 2–3.5 cm (0.8–1.4 in) long, and female catkins 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) long. Tree Characteristics. The leaves are prepared as tea in Korea. It can eventually attain a maximum width of 4 m. The final height attained depends on the height of the graft. Illinois Everbearing Mulberry has a very sweet delicious flavor. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Trees were introduced into North America in colonial times in an effort to establish a silk industry. Glossy leaf surfaces distinguish this tree from red mulberry. Very big, medium-green, irregularly-lobed leaves. , Two varieties of Morus alba are recognized:, Cultivation of white mulberry for silkworms began over four thousand years ago in China. Morus Alba is the White Mulberry, although the fruits are what 'White Mulberry' refers to the stems and leaves are also commonly used as a tea and, more recently, in supplements as ethanolic/ethyl acetate extractions (supplements, or a wine extraction) appear to concentrate the bioactives. Tree Characteristics. Extremely precocious, self fruiting, and heavy yielding over much of the summer. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. The plant is self-fertile. as the primary diet for silkworms used to make silk. In older specimens the branches grow out somewhat in the width. Leaves Ovate to Cordate sometimes Lobed, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Mulberry ‘Issai’ (Morus alba) Rare and hard-to-find, this dwarf mulberry has performed admirably for us as a container plant. Asymmetrical introgression between two. It usually develops a wide-spreading crown with age. On young, vigorous shoots, the leaves may be up to 30 cm (12 in) long, and deeply and intricately lobed, with the lobes rounded. The seeds are widely dispersed in the droppings of birds that eat the fruit. Glossy, rounded, usually 2-3 lobed (but sometimes unlobed), dark green leaves (to 8” long) have serrate margins and uneven (sometimes cordate) bases. the plant is a tree Leaf type the leaf blade is simple (i.e., lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets) Leaves per node there is one leaf per node along the stem Leaf blade edges ... Morus alba … 380*82-1), Invasive.org: U.S. National Forest Service, Invasive Species Weed of the Week −, "Morus alba L. Diminishes visceral adiposity, insulin resistance, behavioral alterations via regulation of gene expression of leptin, resistin and adiponectin in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morus_alba&oldid=989514580, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 12:28. Rounded or Vase Shape. Data related to Morus alba at Wikispecies, Burgess, K.S., Morgan, M., Deverno, L., & Husband, B. C. (2005). Morus alba 'Stribling' Fruitless Mulberry. While, indeed, there are many white-fruited cultivars, most cultivars have ripe fruit that is pink to black in color. The White Mulberry Tree (Morus alba) is native to China. Morus alba (White Mulberry) An attractive medium-sized tree, occasionally grown as a shrub, with an open and upright crown of tangled branches. The nature of the diecious condition in. Flowers Inconspicuous. White mulberry is usually dioecious (separate male and female trees). Morus alba, commonly called white mulberry is native to China. The fruit is larger than our dwarf mulberry and the plant flowers and fruits most of the year in repeating cycles. Latin: Morus alba. In 2002, 6,260 km2 of land were devoted to the species in China. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: MOAL: Plant Notes: White Mulberry is an introduced deciduous tree in the Mulberry family (Moraceae). Morus alba, an introduced species, and its numerous cultivars readily hybridize with Morus rubra and are beginning to “naturalize” at an unparalleled rate. , More recently, it has become widely naturalized in disturbed areas such as roadsides and the edges of tree lots, along with urban areas in much of North America, where it hybridizes readily with the locally native red mulberry (Morus rubra). Morus alba, commonly called white mulberry is native to China. long and up to 6 in. The weeping mulberry tree, Morus alba Pendula, is a dwarf variety of the Chinese tree. Center for New Crops & Plant Products. , Morus alba is a traditional Chinese medicine that contains alkaloids and flavonoids that are bioactive compounds. Diseased Morus nigra (before spray program) Morus nigra appears more susceptible to fungal and bacterial spot diseases to a … Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall. Forms broad, rounded canopy. Leaves broadly ovate with a heart-shaped base, usually pointed, sometimes rounded at the apex, frequently three-lobed, varying much in size, from 3 to 8 in. Deciduous tree. It is a medium-sized tree that is o… Read more Regular water needs once established. Flowers Inconspicuous. No serious insect or disease problems. The Red Mulberry Tree (Morus rubra) is native to North America. 3D Warehouse is adding a new feature for verified companies like yours. Morus nigra seeds are 3 to 4 mm in length; compared to Morus alba, Morus rubra and Morus macroura, which range from 1.5 to 2.5 mm in length. Watch for scale, mites and mealybugs. Morus Alba Platanifolia -Mulberry Tree.  The species is native to northern China and India, and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc.).. White mulberry– The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States. Borers may be a problem particular in the South. NewCROP: University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Yavapai County, Plants That May Cause Allergies in Yavapai County, "Kuwanon G: an antibacterial agent from the root bark of Morus alba against oral pathogens", "Effects of Mulberry on the Central Nervous System: A Literature Review", "Effects of Mulberry Fruit (Morus alba L.) Consumption on Health Outcomes: A Mini-Review", "Phytopharmacological potential of different species of Morus alba and their bioactive phytochemicals: A review", Morton Arboretum: Diagnostic photos of white mulberry tree (acc. The cultivation began over four thousand years ago in China. (5.1-20.3 cm) long and shiny with blunt teeth and heart-shaped bases. The trees are generally deciduous in temperate regions, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen. A deciduous tree 30 to 45 ft high, with a rounded head of branches and a trunk 6 ft in girth; young shoots downy at first, becoming more or less glabrous by autumn. Messy fruit may be a concern. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Flowers in Spring. , For landscaping, a fruitless mulberry was developed from a clone for use in the production of silk in the U.S. The British Journal of Nutrition 2010 104:1 (8-16), In vivo hypoglycemic effects of phenolics from the root bark of, Mulberroside A Possesses Potent Uricosuric and Nephroprotective Effects in Hyperuricemic Mice Wang C.-P., Wang Y., Wang X., Zhang X., Ye J.-F., Hu L.-S., Kong L.-D. [Article in Press] Planta Medica 2010, Mulberry leaf extract restores arterial pressure in streptozotocin-induced chronic diabetic rats Naowaboot J., Pannangpetch P., Kukongviriyapan V., Kukongviriyapan U., Nakmareong S., Itharat A. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 2009 64:2 (116-121), Neutralization of local and systemic toxicity of, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The thickest, tallest, and oldest white mulberry trees (Morus alba)", http://old.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Morus_alba.PDF, SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter, Schaffner, John H. 1919. Fast growing. There is now serious concern for the long-term genetic viability of the red mulberry because of extensive hybridization in some areas. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/moralb/all.html  The fruit is 1–1.5 cm (0.4–0.6 in) long; in the species in the wild it is deep purple, but in many cultivated plants it varies from white to pink; it is sweet but bland, unlike the more intense flavor of the red mulberry and black mulberry. Prune in late fall or winter to avoid bleeding. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. It enjoys warmth and is an ideal mulberry tree for growing in the southern United States. Some of the gardening sites on the web discuss this tree as a good provider of shade, but except for fighting your way through the branches–which you might have to do to find the identifying tag–the versions in the park wouldn’t seem to provide much shade. This tree has also been planted in various areas for erosion control and windbreaks. Morus alba L. White Mulberry. ). It originates from Florida and bears large black fruits. Nutrition Research 2009 29:8 (602-608), Antihyperglycemic, antioxidant and antiglycation activities of mulberry leaf extract in streptozotocin-induced chronic diabetic rats Naowaboot J., Pannangpetch P., Kukongviriyapan V., Kongyingyoes B., Kukongviriyapan U. Bacterial blight may kill foliage/branches. The stamens act as catapults, releasing stored elastic energy in just 25 µs. The fruit and resulting bird droppings are messy and will stain pavements, automobiles and areas around the home. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of mulberry (Morus alba L.) fruit in hyperlipidaemia rats Yang X., Yang L., Zheng H. Mulberry fruit protects dopaminergic neurons in toxin-induced Parkinson's disease models. The industry never materialized, but the mulberry variety is now used as an ornamental tree where shade is desired without the fruit. Morus alba 'Pendula' (Weeping White Mulberry) is a small, gracefully weeping deciduous tree with curtain-like, gnarled branches sometimes kissing the ground - and enclosing a fun hideout for children. Height: 30 - 50 feet. M. alba is a multipurpose tree widely planted in tropical, subtropical and mild temperate regions of the world for fodder and silkworm rearing, and for fruit and timber production (Gupta, 1993). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). On older trees, the leaves are generally 5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) long, unlobed, cordate at the base and rounded to acuminate at the tip, and serrated on the margins. Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year. , White mulberry leaves are the preferred feedstock for silkworms, and are also cut for food for livestock (cattle, goats, etc.) (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States) Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important Zones: 5-9. Stains may also be unwittingly brought indoors on the bottom of shoes. Tolerates heat, drought and a somewhat wide range of soils, including alkaline ones. Spreading with a High Canopy. , The white mulberry is scientifically notable for the rapid plant movement involved in pollen release from its catkins. The fruit are also eaten, often dried or made into wine. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Height: 20 - 30 feet. Although the industry never took hold, the trees did take hold and have over time escaped cultivation and naturalized in fields, waste areas, forest margins and along roads throughout much of the U.S. Other common names: Russian mulberry, white mulberry.  A weeping cultivar of white mulberry, Morus alba 'Pendula', is a popular ornamental plant. as the primary diet for silkworms used to make silk. The resulting movement is approximately 380 miles per hour (610 km/h), about half the speed of sound, making it the fastest known movement in the plant kingdom. It forms a small tree with branches that grow vertically downwards at first. Trunk bark is usually grayish brown with flattened ridges and shallow vertical furrows; on very old trees, the bark becomes gray and coarse with curving deep furrows. Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year. Good shade tree. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. White Mulberry Morus alba Mulberry family (Moraceae) Description: This tree is 30-60' tall, forming a short trunk that is often crooked and a globoid crown with abundant branches. Seedless. Best grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. as the primary diet for silkworms used to make silk. In earlier times the tree played an important part in the breeding of silkworms. Has Deciduous foliage. Coral spot cankers may cause twig dieback. The white mulberry has been cultivated in Asia and Southern Europe since antiquity. Wh Morus alba – White mulberry. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The trunk of large trees 1–2½' across. Many gardeners do not consider this tree to have ornamental or fruiting interest. Data Source and Documentation : About our new maps. Leaves Ovate to Cordate sometimes Lobed, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. It is also notable for the rapid release of its pollen, which is launched at over half the speed of sound. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers.  Its berries are edible when ripe. Morus alba is a fast-growing shrub or moderate-sized tree with a fairly cylindrical, straight bole, up to 35 m high and 1.8 m in girth, without buttresses; bark dark greyish-brown, rough with vertical fissures; exuding white or yellowish-white latex. Mature Height: 35-80′ Soil / Climate: Native to northern China and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. Morus alba holds center stage as for having the most cultivars. Foliage The alternate leaves are polymorphic (variably shaped), 2-8 in.  Cyanidin-3-O-beta-ᴅ-glucopyranoside and Sanggenon G extracted from Morus alba were studied in animals models for some effects on the central nervous system, but clinical trials are necessary to confirm the effects. It usually develops a wide-spreading crown with age. It has been grown widely from the Indian subcontinent west through Afghanistan and Iran to southern Europe for over a thousand years for leaves to feed silkworms. Renders well in v-ray. Russian mulberry is a very hardy and drought tolerant tree. Forms heavy surface roots. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree. Fruits are loved by birds. Morus alba 'Pendula' A cultivar of the white mulberry grafted on a stem. Morus alba L. Show All Show Tabs white mulberry General Information; Symbol: MOAL Group: Dicot Family: Moraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: CAN I HI I L48 I: Characteristics: Plant Guide. This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. Rounded or Spreading Shape. in areas where dry seasons restrict the availability of ground vegetation.  The species has become a popular lawn tree across the desert cities of the southwestern United States, prized for its shade and also for its cylindrical berry clusters composed of sweet, purplish-white fruits. It usually develops a wide-spreading crown with age. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. Morus alba is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. White mulberry is usually dioecious (separate male and female trees), but sometimes is monoecious. Flowers in Spring. Morus Alba Pendula Pruning. They are clothed with heart-shaped, glossy dark green leaves, that may turn a pleasing yellow in fall.  Studies have shown that these compounds may help reduce high cholesterol, obesity, and stress.. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Width: 30 - 45 feet. White Mulberry - Morus alba tatarica White Mulberry - Morus alba - … The white mulberry is widely cultivated to feed the silkworms employed in the commercial production of silk. Purdue University. Kim H.G., Ju M.S., Shim J.S., Kim M.C., Lee S.H., Huh Y., Kim S.Y., Oh M.S. Whiteflies mass on some trees. The Morus alba has a long and rich history of cultivation as a requirement for silkworm rearing. Shallow rooted. Zone 3- 8. Lucky is the child who has a weeping mulberry tree (Morus alba "Pendula") to transform into a playhouse, fort, castle or spaceship. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Your content is now stored within your company organization. Notes: Self pollinating. Morus alba Linnaeus: Common Name: White Mulberry; Silkworm Mulberry; Russian Mulberry: Habitat: Various open sites. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Species trees often appear unkempt. Has Deciduous foliage. This cultivar has interesting foliage, with oversized heart shaped leaves. Best in full sun. You can still manage your content as before and you can now invite others to manage your content too. Morus alba NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Fruits ripen to white or pink, but sometimes to darker reds or purple-blacks. , Various extracts from Morus alba including kuwanon G, moracin M, steppogenin-4′-O-β-D-glucoside and mulberroside A have been suggested as having a variety of potentially-useful medical effects. Small yellowish-green flowers in drooping catkins bloom in spring (March-April). Where is this species invasive in the US.  The plant's pollen has become problematical in some cities where it has been blamed for an increase in hay fever. Morus alba 'Fruitless' - Fruitless Mulberry Rapid growing, rounded, broadleaf, deciduous tree Height to 60' - Spread to 60' Likes sun Hardy to about -5°F Prune to shape Large shade tree Heat and alkali tolerant Morus alba, commonly called white mulberry is native to China. Appearance Morus alba is a small, 30-50 ft. (9.1-15.2 m) tall, deciduous tree that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States.
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