There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. Several species of sphinx moths use grape-family species as larval food plants. TYPE: Allosampela heterophylla (Thunberg) Rafinesque (Vitis heterophylla Thunberg) + Expand All. 1), 22-96. Preferred Names. It is native to the contiguous United States. Schneider RL; Sharitz RR, 1986. Ampelopsis can grow anywhere. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2–5 inches long, 2½–4½ inches wide, broadly egg-shaped, base flattened; margins coarsely toothed; upper surface olive-green, rather dull, smooth; lower surface paler, smooth or with a few scattered white hairs, especially on the veins. Peppervine (Ampelopsis arborea), Horticulture Update. 1830. Plant communities in Jackson County, Illinois. , 2012. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. It is by Charles T. Bryson at USDA Agricultural Research Service. Wyman D, 1944. heartleaf peppervine. North American plants and horticultural innovation in England, 1500-1700. Food of the armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus L. from Cumberland Island, GA. Southeastern Naturalist, 11(3):487-506. About This Subject; View Images Details ; View Images; Overview. Hemlock in the Tennessee Valley of Alabama. The poison ivy leaves are trifoliate with the mature fruits grey to white (Kimbrough, 2008). Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. October 2011. In New England, it is only known from Connecticut, where it is considered a non-native introduction. Its heart-shaped leaves are much less lobed than those of its congener, Ampelopsis glandulosa; also, its twigs are less hairy. Online Database. The Vitaceae consist of about 14 genera and 900 species, mainly occurring in tropical regions. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Castanea, 58(3):162-177. Ampelopsis, commonly known as peppervine or porcelainberry, is a genus of climbing shrubs, in the grape family Vitaceae.The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: ἅμπελος (ampelos), which means "vine". Online database. Wetland Status. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). The vines prefer full sun to partial shade. Paul Nelson. Its leaves are variable but often highly lobed, unlike those of its congener, A. cordata. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Humans may not relish the flavor of the fruit, but the berries are eaten by birds and small mammals. Heartleaf Peppervine has … Data Source and References for Ampelopsis cordata (heartleaf peppervine) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. Version 1.1. Genus Synonyms. Vitis cordata Dum.-Cours. McGilvery FB, 1966. It is available from some nurseries in the United States, advertising it as a good species to attract pollinators, and to use as a ground cover, for walls, fences and trellises (Wildflower Center, 2016). Chromosome numbers for Ampelopsis arborea (Vitaceae) and Linaria texana (Scrophulariaceae). Successional stages in a hardwood bottomland forest near Dallas, Texas. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 6(1):259-272. It is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America extending to Mexico. Castanea, 37(2):140-146. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Common Names. It is native to the southeastern United States. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. arborea) in North America. Castanea, 56(2):117-127. Fruit ¼ inch across, globe-shaped, changing color as they develop from green to orange to rose-purple and finally to turquoise blue. Reestablishing Florida scrub in a former agricultural site: survival and growth of planted species and changes in community composition. Sun-ShadeMed (2014) proposed the segregation of 10 species of Ampelopsis to Nekemias, nine occurring in Asia and Nekemias arborea (L.) J.Wen & Boggan (=A. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. In: Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 57 (7) 509-513. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 57(7):509-513. Noble RE; Murphy PK, 1975. Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2005. Flat-topped clusters of tiny, green flowers are followed by clusters of pea-sized, bluish-purple berries. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Ampelopsis cordata Michx. ©James H. Miller & Ted Bodner/Southern Weed Science Society/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Arnoldia, 4(9/11):45-64. A preliminary list of ants associated with aphids in Florida. Plants observed on an excursion to Grand Isle, Louisiana. Flowering is in May–July. Southeastern Naturalist, 2(3):347-368. Its fruits are attractive to birds and mammals, which act as dispersers of the species (Kimbrough, 2008). Hawkins TS; Skojac Jr DA; Schiff NM; Leininger TD, 2010. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Ampelopsis . It is also used for cattle grazing on managed pastures (Kirby and Stuth, 1982).A. The structure of hardwood forest ecosystems of Prince Edward County, Virginia. In: Arnoldia, 4 (9/11) 45-64. Journal of Wildlife Management, 29:370-375. USA. Jarvis PJ, 1973. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 51:483 pp. http://www.theplantlist.org. It is reported as invasive for Cuba, but without information about the spread and invasiveness in that country (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). ©Louisiana State University AgCenter/Adam A. Agosta. Foliage is about 5 in (13 cm) long and 4 in (10 cm) wide broadly ovate, with an extended tip, coarsely toothed margins, and a truncate to heart shaped base. Treatment of emerging vines with a contact or systemic herbicide is also recommended (Hall, 1984). It is a climber. The flora of Bull Island, Charleston County, South Carolina. Ampelopsis cordata: HEARTLEAF PEPPERVINE: Identification Key. Heart-leaved peppervine is a woody liana that hails from the southern states. Printer-Friendly: PLANTS Profile . Floristic composition and potential competitors in the Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) colonies in Mississippi with the reference to hydrologic regime. (2010) argue that the species could overtake other plants due to its growth habit; and that it can smother other species, making it an undesirable plant for cultivation. Three genera are from temperate regions: Vitis, Parthenocissus and Ampelopsis.Ampelopsis is a genus of about 25 species; the majority occurring in Asia, with a disjunct distribution of three species in North America and extending into Central America (Lombardi, 2000). Kirby DR; Stuth JW, 1982. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The species is reported to be eaten by the nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), the cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus), the fulvous harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys fulvescens), the rice rat (Oryzomys palustris) and deer (Odocoileus virginianus) (Lay, 1965; Cameron et al., 1979; Bradley Kincaid and Cameron, 1982; Whitaker et al., 2012). Titus JH, 1991. Fall food habits of wood ducks from Lake Marion, South Carolina. Brown CA, 1929. Grows 35 ft. or more. Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata This project is … Floristics of the middle Mississippi River sand and mud flats. Mohlenbrock RH, 1959. Leaves up to 6 inches or more long and equally wide, with a central axis and 1 to 3 pairs of lateral axes supporting leaflets. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Southeastern Naturalist, 5(3):499-514. Data Source. It was introduced in the United Kingdom as a garden plant in 1700, but there is no evidence of naturalization in that country (Jarvis, 1973). For seed germination the recommended method is soaking the seeds in water at 20°C for 24 hours, and germinating them at 24°C in 75-80% humidity with a 15-hour photoperiod (Hall, 1984). Ampelopsis cordata Michx. ©Louisiana State University AgCenter/Adam A. Agosta-2003. In its natural habitats it is mostly listed as occasional, uncommon or infrequent (Montz, 1972; Nixon, 1975; Jones, 1983; Horvitz et al., 1995; Singhurst et al., 2003; Wilder and Barry, 2012). Kimbrough MGM, 2008. Development of the vegetation inside the levee following the high water of 1927. map: Family: Scientific name @ source (records) Coccidae : Eulecanium cerasorum @ CSCA_TCN : Megachilidae : Megachile coquilletti @ UCRC_ENT : Megachile mendica … Raccoon grape might be more easily confused with some of our Vitis species, but its white pith, fewer tendrils, and tight bark help to separate it from them. Occurs scattered in the southern two-thirds of the state and locally northward along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. North American plants and horticultural innovation in England, 1500-1700. Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); foliage. Journal of Apicultural Research, 12(3):187-190. Citrus Industry, 65(10):25-26. Family: Vitaceae (grapes) Description: Raccoon grape is a woody vine climbing by tendrils to a length of 60 feet. Fruit utilization by deer in southern forests. Cameron GN; Fleharty ED; Watts HA, 1979. Journal of Mammalogy, 63(4):668-672. The species was reported for Puerto Rico, but Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012) argue that the species does not occur on the island. Plants observed on an excursion to Grand Isle, Louisiana. Similar Items. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Whitaker Jr JO; Ruckdeschel C; Bakken L, 2012. Fruits mature at different rates. (Remember, of course, not to confuse grapevines with poison ivy.). In its native range it is noted as having the potential of becoming weedy in gardens and cultivated lands (Hall, 1984; Kimbrough, 2008; Hawkins et al., 2010). Exotics and hurricane damage in three hardwood hammocks in Dade County Parks, Florida. CABI, Undated. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Seeds are reported to be dispersed by birds and mammals (Titus, 1991; Kimbrough, 2008). At present it is only reported as introduced in Barbuda and Cuba; it is thought to be invasive on the latter island but details are lacking (Broome et al., 2007; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). In its native range, birds and mammals are reported as eating the fruits and dispersing the seeds through their droppings (Kimbrough, 2008). A. arborea has a low risk of introduction. This species also has flower clusters that are compact and broad while grapes have clusters which are elongated. Nixon ES, 1975. The foliage turns pale yellow in autumn and it is deciduous in winter (Hall, 1984; Wildflower Center, 2016).Environmental Requirements. Easley Mc; Judd WS, 1990. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); fruiting habit. Florida Entomologist, 54:245-248. Flowers RW; Furth DG; Thomas MC, 1994. Notes on the distribution and biology of some Florida leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of Range Management, 35(4):434-436. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. Overview Appearance Ampelopsis cordata is a perennial climbing vine in the grape family, but its fruit is not edible. Ampelopsis cordata(Heartleaf Peppervine) is a species of shrubin the family Vitaceae. In A. arborea new leaves are purple red, 2-3 pinnately compound with mature fruits that are red to blue-black. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. A. arborea is used as an ornamental due to its fast growth, its attractive foliage and to attract pollinators and wildlife (Kimbrough, 2008; Wildflower Center, 2016). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Evans DK, 1979. The vascular flora of Huggins Island, Onslow County, North Carolina. Internet sites for gardening and nurseries advertise the species as a good plant to attract pollinators. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Coker WC, 1905. Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Young fruits are green then pinkish then blue to purple. Seed bank of a hardwood floodplain swamp in Florida. The stems are sometimes used in basketry and other handcrafts. Lewis WH, 1958. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. ©Rebekah D. Wallace/University of Georgia/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US. Harper RM, 1943. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 4(1):381-390. Homonyms Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Ampelopsis cordata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Suanne Bacque-2005. A. arborea was introduced in the United Kingdom as a horticultural garden plant in 1700 (Jarvis, 1973), but there are no reports of the species spreading in the country. Online Database. The most aggressive native vine in the state, it can smother small- to medium-sized trees. Common Name(s): heartleaf ampelopsis [English] heartleaf peppervine [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Fruit Structures - Dichotomous branching, pores (lenticels) on fruit surface. Near the coasts it is found in salt marshes, estuaries, mudflats and sand dunes (Coker 1905; Evans, 1979; Easley and Judd, 1990; Hoffman and Dawes, 1997; Stalter et al., 1999). Fruit matures in August–November. Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Synopsis of Nekemias Raf., a segregate genus from Ampelopsis Michx. Torreya, 29(2):32-41. This plant has no children Legal Status. Around here there are two common varieties, Ampelopsis arborea or peppervine, and Ampelopsis cordata or heartleaf peppervine, which is the variety thriving on the old laundry cleaning building adjacent to Izzy’s Place in Prescott. – heartleaf peppervine Subordinate Taxa. Foliage is bi- or tri-pinnately compound and dark-green, turning pale-yellow in autumn. Seeds 1–3 per berry. The sweet, flavorful berries are ripe when they turn black. A floristic survey of Fort Matanzas National Monument, St. Johns county, Florida. Flowering occurs from April to September. Information about the invasiveness of the species and its effects over the invaded habitats and the biodiversity is needed. Castanea, 8:115-23. Ampelopsis cordata . Easley MC; Judd WS, 1993. Flora Neotropica, 80:1-250. Botanical composition of cattle diets grazing brush managed pastures in east-central Texas. 2: 122. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Allosampela Allosampela Rafinesque, Med. Cissus ampelopsis Pers. Cissus ampelopsis Pers. It is native to the southeastern United States. Fruits are fleshy and attractive to birds and mammals, which disperse the seed in their droppings. Kelly L, 2006. The Southwestern Naturalist, 20(3):323-335. Ecology, 55(3):614-621. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Heartleaf Peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Synonym: Nekemias cordata. Bark on older stems is tight, dark brown, deeply grooved, with long ridges that are flat-topped and netted. Wilder GT; Barry; MJ, 2012. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/2008/jan08/Peppervine.html, http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/#, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Wen J; Boggan J; Nie ZeLong, 2014. The flowers are very small, white in color, and inconspicuous. Journal of Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 3(1):355-366. National Wetland Plant List, 2016. Mowing is not recommended as it can spread the vine fragments (Hall, 1984).Chemical control. The chromosome number for A. arborea is reported as 2n=40 (Lewis, 1958).Reproductive Biology, A. arborea flowers are inconspicuous and visited by a wide array of insects, including the honey bee, Apis mellifera (Mackensen and Tucker, 1973; Kimbrough, 2008). MD: Literature: … Leaflets roughly ovate, coarsely toothed, dark green on the upper surface, lighter on the lower. Wildflower Center, 2016. Cissus indivisa Des Moul. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); flowers. Jones RL, 1983. Reported requirements for the species are: pH 6.8 to 7.2; soils sandy, sandy loams, medium loams and clay loams; in sun to partial shade (Wildflower Center, 2016). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
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