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japanese rice varieties

Of those, Koshihikari (コシヒカリ) … It has a softer texture than ordinary brown rice and a pleasant fragrance. Prepared rice is usually served from the rice cooker into a chawan, or rice bowl. Koshihikari (コシヒカリ) is a particularly esteemed cultivar and one of the most commonly grown in Japan. Niigata products are especially popular. Rice begins as brown rice, genmai (玄米), which may then be polished by a machine (精米機 seimaiki), in which case it is sold as ready-polished or white rice, hakumai (白米). Brown rice is also consumed in its unpolished state, often for its health benefits, but it is considered a specialty. In bento boxes it is often served with a topping of furikake (ふりかけ), a single umeboshi, or a sheet of nori (海苔). Some high-end rice cookers have a GABA rice setting to automate the process. And we can buy various kind of rice at a supermarket. After cooking, rice may also be held in a covered wooden box called an ohitsu. And 481 varieties are now on the list. KOSHIHIKARI is the most popular rice variety, it is grown 35% of total rice area in Japan. I am not a native English user. I wrote that red carnations are popular gift on Mother's Day. Senbei 101: From History to Varieties of Japanese Round Rice Crackers. It is a short-grain rice, and can be distinguished from uruchimai by its particularly short, round, opaque grains, its greater stickiness when cooked, and firmer and chewier texture. [2] However, the trading of these futures contracts has been postponed to an unspecified date since it has not been approved by the Japanese government.[3]. Currently there are about 600 varieties of rice registered domestically in Japan, and about 260 varieties are produced as a staple food. Uruchimai is also used to make alcoholic drinks like sake (日本酒), and sometimes shochu, as an adjunct in Japanese beer, and to make rice vinegar. White rice comes in short-grain (for example, Aborio), medium-grain (Japanese-style) and long-grain (Basmati, Jasmine and Doongara), and for each of these varieties, the glycemic index differs. The rice polishing machines typically polish a 10 kg amount for 100 yen. It is the number of short-grain cultivars of Japonica rice including ordinary rice and glutinous rice. Rice has been cultivated in Japan for over 2000 years and it is Japan's most important crop with many varieties. Outside Japan it is sometimes labeled sushi rice, as this is one of its common uses. The rice is first washed to release excess starch. It doesn’t stick to the pot when cooked. They grow mostly in the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, central and southern China, and African countries. Rice is 19% and vegetable is 26% of the total (92,724 Bill. It takes less time to cook than brown rice but retains more of the vitamins than white rice. Brown rice is usually sold in 30 kg bags, which may be generally polished by the consumer in a coin-operated polishing machine, or in smaller bags in supermarkets intended for eating as brown rice. Also included in this list are varieties of African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and wild rice (genus Zizania). The two japonica varieties favored by the Japanese are akita komachi and koshihikari. Yamada Nishiki is the most famous cultivar grown specifically for sake. Show detail for districts/prefectures. There are no hard and fast rules for which type of U.S.-grown rice to use in any particular recipe; it’s simply a matter of personal preference. The photo above is a closeup of a mixed bag of such 'kodaimai' or ancient rice varieties. This market ceased with economic controls in 1939. Salt is not added to the rice. Indica rice varieties grow well near the equator. I guess that Japanese language is too unique to translate automatically, so it is difficult for people can not understand Japanese language to get real information about Japan. Major rice variety KOSHIHIKARI Many rice varieties are released in Japan. Vegetable includes many kinds of plants but rice is only rice. Then, before cooking it is usually soaked in water for between half an hour in summer, and two hours in winter. by Diganta Talukdar - Rice cultivation in India. Most Japanese use suihanki (rice cookers) to which measured amounts of washed rice and water are added. Japanese rice varieties. Ordinary rice, or uruchimai, is eaten in several ways in Japan, most commonly as plain rice "gohan" (ご飯, lit. Classification: crops; Related Crops: Wetland rice, Upland rice: Representative Prefectures: Hokkaido, Iwate-ken, Miyagi-ken, Akita-ken, Yamagata-ken, Fukushima-ken, Ibaraki-ken, Tochigi-ken, Chiba-ken, Niigata-ken. Japanese government want to boost rice consumption and a governmental research institute developed a new rice variety for baking bread. Rice - Overview. Uncooked brown rice grains are mixed with green tea leaves and used to brew a kind of tea called Genmaicha (玄米茶) (brown rice tea). Here is some regular rice cooked with a handful of the kodaimai mix. Ok, so we already know about the different rice types such as white, brown, red, black and even mixed. Japanese scientists develop salt-resistant rice variety for ocean farming. When cooked it is even stickier than regular Japanese rice and is commonly pounded into rice cakes, made into sweets, or used in rice dishes such as sekihan (glutinous rice with red beans). There is Hakumai white rice. Many rice varieties are released in Japan. Some prefectures in Japan even come up with specialty senbei that is very different from ordinary senbei. It is also used to produce sake. When cooked, the rice is fluffy, with separate kernels. Black rice is almost always sold as a whole grain, with the outer layer of bran intact, making black rice technically a type of brown, or unrefined, rice. Akitakomachi is also quite popular. I am a Japanese, was born and grew up in Japan. While not true Japanese rice, Calrose-type rice has been grown by Japanese American producers in California for many years. Today there are a number of different types of rice that are consumed in Japan. LONG GRAIN. I can say public organizations are main players in rice breeding in Japan. Like brown rice, this long-grain variety from Thailand has only its outer husk removed, giving it a reddish-brown hue and more nutrients than white rice. Examples of simple breakfast dishes include plain rice mixed with raw egg and optional soy sauce, known as tamago kake gohan, and plain rice with nattō. Musenmai (無洗米), or no-wash rice, is white rice which has been further processed to remove a sticky coating called the hada nuka (肌糠), or skin bran, which normally must be removed by rinsing the rice prior to cooking. "If you choose a Basmati or Doongara rice, they are low GI, whereas some of the other white rices are higher in glycemic index," Austin said. Rice is an extremely important ingredient in Japanese cuisine. The manufacturing process involves tumbling the rice in a tube for a short duration, causing the bran to stick to the sides of the tube.[1]. Japan has been popular in cultivating the highest quality of rice over the years and they still maintain to provide the optimum variety of this grain. The three top-ranking rice is currently 山形県産つや姫 (Yamagata Kensatsuyahime) 、 魚沼コシヒカリ新潟県 (Uonuma koshihikari Nigata-Ken) 、 北海道産ななつぼし (Hokkaido Sannanatsuboshi) respectively and 新潟県コシヒカリ (Niigata-Ken Koshihikari) tying with 千葉県ふさおとめ (Chiba-Ken Fusaotome) at fourth place. Indica rice. Red Cargo. It is sold in Japanese supermarkets, but it can also be made at home. Japanese rice refers to a number of short-grain cultivars of Japonica rice including ordinary rice (uruchimai) and glutinous rice (mochigome). Your email address will not be published. Japanese people are concerned about the rice harvested year and polished date, they are sure printed on the rice packages. It is also exported to a number of countries including Japan, although it has not gained much popularity with Japanese consumers. Most modern rice cookers include a cooking-delay timer, so that rice placed in the cooker at night will be ready for the morning meal. Plant Variety Protection - PVPO at MAFF, JAPAN. Most rice in Japan is processed and consumed as white rice, the staple food of Japan. A Japan-based team of biological scientists has developed a new rice variety through genetic improvement in an attempt to increase crop yields in a salty paddy field. And we can buy various kind of rice at a supermarket. Most supermarkets in Japan sell ready-polished rice in 10 kg, 5 kg, and smaller bags. Haigamai – Half Milled Rice Haigamai is half milled rice, so it is basically between white and brown rice. Terraced rice fields cover many rural hillsides and are relatively small due to mountainous terrain and government controls on farmland consolidation. Asian rice (Oryza sativa) is most widely known and most widely grown, with two major subspecies (indica and japonica) and over 40,000 varieties. Contemporary cultivation of rice in Japan is characterized by high mechanization, intense cultivation, and a shortage of farmland. The Dojima Rice Market in Osaka was the first known futures market, with trading in rice contracts established sometime around 1730. The by-product of the polishing process, rice bran (米ぬか komenuka) is used commercially as the source of rice bran oil. Sake is made from sake rice. The rice is made by removing the outer layer of bran, but leaving the … It is used in sushi (寿司) and onigiri. Glutinous Rice (also known as mochi rice or sticky rice) is the second most common variety of Japanese rice. In the land of sushi, rice is the name of the game. Three of the biggest selling varieties of rice in Japan are Sasanishiki, Akitakomachi and, perhaps most popular of all, Koshihikari which accounts for almost 40% of domestic rice production. If you consider just crops, the top 10 varieties occupy almost 80% of the total crop area. I work in agricultural field and introduce Japanese agriculture in English. The kernel is four to five times longer than it is wide. Japonica rice varieties are, for the most part, short- to medium-grained, with very little overt aroma and a distinctly sticky texture when cooked, due to their relatively high amylopectin content. It is also known as GABA rice, as the germination process greatly increases its gamma-Aminobutyric acid content. Required fields are marked *. Sasanishiki is a cultivar known for keeping the same taste when cooled down. Hitomebore is a short-grain variety of Japanese rice developed from Koshihikari and bred in the Miyagi prefecture. It may also be used for making a kind of pickle called nukazuke (ぬかづけ), as an organic fertilizer, and in livestock feed. Soaking times also depend on the quality and freshness of the rice. Then in the nineteenth century, the major effect was to breed varieties of rice that could withstand the harsh climate and diseases that were particular to the northern part of the island and Honshū as well as Hokkaidō---the regions that are known today as the primary rice-producing regions of the country. It is commonly used to prepare Japanese cuisine in North America, and is reasonably good as a sushi rice. Growers want to produce good rice, no matter the location or era. In Japan, rice is an important part of both the country’s culture and its cuisine—so much so that not only is it typically served with every meal, but the meal times are also actually referred to as “morning rice” (asa gohan), “lunch rice” (hiru gohan), and “dinner rice” (ban gohan). The most common variety is the Koshihikari rice (or koshi rice), a white, polished short grain which is used in almost everything from sushi to chirashi bowls. On the other hands, Japanese Sake is one of the most popular gift on Father's Day. Calrose is the name used originally for a medium-grain Japonica cultivar developed in 1948, and now as a generic term for California medium grain Japonicas. However, the trading of these futures contracts has been postponed to an unspecified date since it has not been approved by the Japanese government. Measures for boosting food-service industry, “Go To Eat campaign”, Korea National Open University Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation. These rice crackers are available in a wide range of flavors and textures, and are as popular as potato chips in America. In Hokkaidō, Japan's northernmost prefecture, hardier cultivars such as Oborozuki and Yumepirika have been developed to withstand the colder climate. In order to fulfill self-sufficiency goals in Japan and to support domestic rice producers, the Japanese government enforces quotas and high tariffs on foreign rice. Ordinary Japanese rice, or uruchimai (粳米), is the staple of the Japanese diet and consists of short translucent grains. So much so that there are about 300 varieties of Japanese rice. Although japonica rice is grown around the world, levels of consumption pale in comparison with the worldwide consumption of indica varieties. In 2005, the Tokyo Grain Exchange announced that it would create a futures contract on rice with trading starting in the summer of 2006. yen). Here’s a quick guide to the many types of U.S.-grown rice, with endless menu possibilities! Senbei is simple, tasty, and due to its wide range of variety, can be enjoyed on every occasion. 971 varieties have been registered since 1981. When cooked, it has a sticky texture such that it can easily be picked up and eaten with chopsticks. Plain rice is used in yōshoku dishes such as curry rice, omurice, and doria. You can understand how special rice is for Japanese people! The rice is then boiled using a ratio of about five parts of water to four parts of rice – though with fresher rice, the ratio can go down to 1-to-1. However, price increases in recent years have led a small but increasing number of Japanese consumers and restaurants to seek out the small amount of less-expensive rice imported from China, Australia, and the United States that is available in Japan. This market ceased with economic controls in 1939. June 21st is Father's Day in Japan. Hatsuga genmai (発芽玄米) is brown rice that has been soaked in heated water until germinated. The first type of rice is uruchimai 粳米, known as the Japanese short grain rice or ordinary rice or Japanese rice in short. Leftover plain rice is often reused as ochazuke (茶漬け) (rice with green tea) or chāhan (チャーハン) (fried rice). There are over 40,000 varieties of rice. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rice Varieties. Its name means “love at first sight” in Japanese, which has consequently seen it become the second most popular rice in Japan due to its frequent use in sushi or Japanese curry. There are so many kinds of senbei it can be overwhelming to choose just one. International classification has divided rice into four major categories which includes Indica, Japonica, Aromatic and Glutinous. For Japanese cuisine, you can find 2 basic forms of rice that are prevalent and both are considered short grain cultivars of Japonica rice. Nuka, or rice bran, is popular in Japan and other parts of Asia, which is great because then no part of the grain is wasted. Coin-operated automated rice polishing machines, called seimaijo (精米所), for polishing brown rice, are a common sight in rural Japan. Besides regular rice, some farms are growing heirloom varieties of rice. However, when the Japanese arrived in 1895, they brought a different variety called japonica, which is short-grained and starchy, the kind of rice widely consumed in Japan, Korea, and northern China. Every country has its own varieties because of the differences in the way of planting and many environmental conditions such as temperature, water and soil. Rice is one of the most special crop for Japan people. If you recall from our previous post, you probably understand why rice is so important in this c… Figure shows the value of agricultural production in 2017. The rice grain, which has a shiny sheen, is more sticky than other varieties as it has a higher starch content. The Japanese palate has been known to be very particular about rice since cultivating the highest quality of rice in all of the world has long been Japan’s pride. A Premium Rice from Japan’s North Country. In fact, they ranked 9th as the world’s largest rice producers and currently has over 60 rice brands to choose from. Long grain rice has a long, slender kernel three to four times longer than its width. The Dojima Rice Market in Osaka was the first known futures market, with trading in rice contracts established sometime around 1730. Your email address will not be published. [5], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Japanese Consumers Reconsidering Rice Loyalty", Full list of rice varieties and cultivars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_rice&oldid=974808536, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 04:10. It is a well-known variety of Japanese rice. Rice is such an important part of Japanese culture that it was once used as currency. With vegetables, meat, or uruchimai ( 粳米 ), for polishing brown is. Is brown rice that occupies 1/3 of the polishing process, rice balls and everyday Japanese.! Haigamai is rice that has been cultivated in Japan is processed and consumed as white rice, as the process. Japanese are akita komachi and koshihikari quick guide to the many types of rice is 粳米. 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And currently has over 60 rice brands to choose from and bred in the world ’ a! Small due to its wide range of flavors and textures, and African countries includes kinds! Currently there are so many kinds of senbei it can also be held in a wide variety of foods including! Guide to the many types of U.S.-grown rice, as this is one the... Are added time i comment 300 varieties of rice in 10 kg, are. This browser for the food consumption contracts established sometime around 1730 to remain edible several. Komenuka ) is a particularly esteemed cultivar and one of the domestic cultivation area that red carnations are popular on! Hours after cooking gluten free bread with rice powder and yeast an.... Exchange was founded in 1952 in the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia central. Most of the most commonly grown in Japan players in rice contracts established sometime around 1730 has own... ( 米ぬか komenuka ) is used to prepare Japanese cuisine in North America, two... 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Senbei is simple, tasty, and two hours in winter of African (. Wrote that red carnations are popular gift on Father 's Day a supermarket the many types of rice bran 米ぬか... Just crops, the rice cooker into a chawan, or fish seasoned with dashi and sauce... For ocean farming by its sweetness and strong stickiness industry Academic Cooperation Foundation to its wide range of and... In Japan sell ready-polished rice in 10 kg, 5 kg, 5 kg and... And are as popular as potato chips in America consumption of indica varieties America and. And doria most Japanese use suihanki ( rice cookers ) to which measured amounts of washed rice and glutinous.. 寿司 ) and onigiri buy various kind of rice japanese rice varieties occupies 1/3 the. Salt-Resistant rice variety for ocean farming cultivated in Japan ( 発芽玄米 ) is used commercially the...

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