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what percentage of mangrove forests have vanished around the world

Mangroves today cover around 15 million hectares (ha) worldwide, down from 18.8 million ha in 1980, according to the study. A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species. Thailand has lost 84 percent of its mangroves, the highest rate of mangrove loss of any nation, while the Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Tanzania, Mexico, Panama, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, and the Philippines have each lost more than 60 percent of their mangrove forests. Approximately 118 countries around the world hold a mangrove forest with the largest percentage located in Asia (42%). D. 35%. This shrimp farm in southern Belize is just one example of how mangroves worldwide are giving way to human development. C. 15%. Despite the incredible value that these ecosystems provide, mangrove forests are vanishing at an alarming rate and could be wiped out forever. C. 500,000. Around 50% of the world’s mangroves have likely vanished in the last half-century. The total area is nearly 10,000 km2. Mangroves are evergreen trees and shrubs that are well adapted to their salty and swampy habitat by having breathing roots (pneumatophores) that emerge from the oxygen-deficient mud to absorb oxygen. The Global Mangrove Alliance hopes to turn the tide. Despite their wide-ranging benefits and importance, mangroves are being destroyed and degraded at an alarming rate. Nearby Kolkata is shielded from flooding and sea level rise by the forest. Although human pressures are a major threat, little is known about the governance conditions that facilitate long-term conservation and restoration […] This is a modified press release from FAO. There are 15.9 million hectares (over 60,000 square miles) of mangrove forests in the warm waters of tropical oceans all over the world. There is 13% less mangrove forest around the world than thought. The unexpected decline in this unique coastland habitat is revealed by the first global satellite survey of mangroves, which grow in intertidal regions of the tropics and subtropics. She and her colleagues found that mangrove loss rates had plummeted 73 percent globally since 2000. The Environmental Justice Foundation estimates that as much as 38% of global mangrove deforestation is linked to shrimp farm development. Mongabay is a U.S.-based non-profit conservation and environmental science news platform. Africa has the next highest percentage (21%), followed by North and Central America (15%), Oceania (12%), and South America (11%). You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost, Fueled by impunity, invasions surge in Brazil’s Indigenous lands, Chinese demand and domestic instability are wiping out Senegal’s last forests, Solomon Islands environmental defender faces life sentence for arson charge, ‘Tamper with nature, and everyone suffers’: Q&A with ecologist Enric Sala, New paper highlights spread of organized crime from global fisheries, Study: Chinese ‘dark fleets’ illegally defying sanctions by fishing in North Korean waters, Game changer? The figure is as high as 50% in countries such as India, the Philippines, and Vietnam, while in the Americas they are being cleared at a rate faster than tropical rainforests. One important function of mangroves is to serve as spawning grounds and nurseries for fish and shellfish and they play an important role in the marine foodweb. Read about the Mangrove importance, cover and conservation in India. Mongabay is a reader-supported conservation and environmental science news service. Burma's mangroves have buffered the country from the worst effects of natural disasters, but now that the mangrove forests have been cleared away to make way for shrimp and fish farms Mangrove forests are considered hardy plants given their ability to survive in high saline waters and low-oxygen soils. In some places, such as Senegal, virtually … 7. That's the good news. Imagery: Landsat 8. Twenty percent of the world's mangroves lost over the last 25 years: Rate of deforestation slowing, but still a cause for alarm 9 November 2005, Rome - Around 20 percent of the world's mangrove forests have disappeared during the past 25 years as a result of over-exploitation and conversion to other uses, according to a new FAO study. In China alone, the last 50 years have seen a 70 percent loss of mangrove forests. Mangrove habitat loss has put 16 percent of mangrove plant species and 40 percent of mangrove-associated animal species at an elevated risk of extinction in the world (Polidoro et al., 2010). Mangroves are found in more than 120 countries and territories around the world, but the UN agency noted that close to half of the total mangrove area is found in just five countries: Indonesia, Australia, Brazil, Nigeria and Mexico. Over the last few years, however, an increased awareness of the wider value of mangrove ecosystems has led to new legislation, better protection and management of mangrove resources and, in some countries, a re-expansion of mangrove areas, according to FAO. The collection, analysis and dissemination of information related to mangroves; development of awareness raising material, guidelines and case studies on best practices in mangrove conservation, management and sustainable utilization; Provision of a neutral forum for technical and policy discussions including support to the international dialogue on forests and promotion of international cooperation; Provision of technical and policy advice to governments on conservation and sustainable utilization of mangrove ecosystems and their resources; Institutional strengthening and capacity building - including direct development assistance via an extensive field programme (more than 60 mangrove-related mangrove projects in 35 different countries over the last 30 years). Our biweekly podcast delivering news & inspiration from nature’s frontline. In China alone, the last 50 years have seen a 70 percent loss of mangrove forests. For example, in Southeast Asia, the rate of mangrove disappearance was around 1% annually during the decades of 1970s and 1980s; however, in recent years, the rates have been reduced to around 0.2% (Friess 2016). Conservation efforts have decreased the rates of deforestation of mangroves around the world. Dolphins face growing pressure as development eats into Borneo’s interior, Layers of regulations to protect European seas ‘not working,’ audit finds, Unprecedented sightings of maned wolves in Amazon herald a changing landscape, Pulp producers pull off $168 million Indonesia tax twist, report alleges, Alleged gov’t-linked land grabs threaten Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains. India, Burma, and food what percentage of mangrove forests have vanished around the world linked to shrimp farm development plummeted 73 percent globally 2000! 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